Health News

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Researchers uncover new clues to why BRCA1 mutations cause breast and ovarian cancer

News Medical (Australia) - 19/07/2017
The human body holds many mysteries, and function of the BRCA1 gene is among them. Women who inherit a faulty copy of BRCA1 have up to a 65 percent chance to develop breast cancer by age 70. They also have up to a 39 percent chance to develop ovarian cancer.

Switch to generic eye drugs could save Medicare millions

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
Eye care providers prescribe more brand medications by volume than any other provider group, according to a new study, making ophthalmologist and optometrists big influencers of annual prescription drug spending in the United States.

Eighteen months after double hand transplant, child is now able to write, and feed and dress himself independently

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
The world's first double hand transplant in a child has been successful under carefully considered circumstances. The recipient of the transplant was an 8-year-old boy based in the USA, who is now able to write, and feed and dress himself independently following months of occupational therapy and psychological support. A study presents the first medical report of the surgery and 18 months of follow-up.

US Congress takes step toward giving Charlie Gard residency

CNN (US) - 19/07/2017
A US Congressional committee has voted in favor of giving the terminally ill British baby Charlie Gard and his parents permanent residency so the child can undergo an experimental treatment in the country.

Massive simulation shows HIV capsid interacting with its environment

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of a human cell. The 64-million-atom simulation offers new insights into how the virus senses its environment and completes its infective cycle.

Blood test identifies key Alzheimer's marker

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
Measures of amyloid beta in the blood have the potential to help identify people with altered levels of amyloid in their brains or cerebrospinal fluid, new research shows. Currently, the only way to detect amyloid beta in the brain is via PET scanning, which is expensive and not widely available, or a spinal tap, which is invasive and requires a specialized medical procedure.

Certain antibiotics during pregnancy may increase risk of birth defects

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
A new study has found links between certain antibiotics during pregnancy and major congenital malformations in newborns.

Silk 'micrococoons' could be used in biotechnology and medicine

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
Microscopic versions of the cocoons spun by silkworms have been manufactured by a team of researchers. The tiny capsules, which are invisible to the naked eye, can protect sensitive molecular materials, and could prove a significant technology in areas including food science, biotechnology and medicine.

New harmless radiopaque glue to seal bleeding and guide surgery

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
First nanoparticle-based adhesive with imaging contrast effect in CT and ultrasound was successfully tested in animals and showed less toxicity than the FDA-approved glue CA-Lp.

Arts-based groups benefit individuals with mental health conditions

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
A new study found that participation in arts-based groups -- such as those that involve choir singing and creative writing -- benefits the emotions of both healthy adults and those experiencing mental health conditions.

The dangers of driving after restricted sleep and moderate alcohol intake

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
In a recent study, combining moderate alcohol consumption (within legal limits for driving) and moderate sleep restriction led to greater drowsiness and increased deficits in attention, compared with either sleep restriction or alcohol intake alone.

Why some women are more likely to feel depressed

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
It's no secret that the risk of depression increases for women when their hormones are fluctuating. Especially vulnerable times include the menopause transition and onset of postmenopause. There's also postpartum depression that can erupt shortly after childbirth. But why do some women feel blue while others seem to skate through these transitions? One answer is provided through new study results.

Obese patients don't need to lose weight before total joint replacement, study finds

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
There's good news for overweight people with painfully arthritic hips and knees: A new study finds that obese patients who underwent knee or hip replacement surgery reported virtually the same pain relief and improved function as normal-weight joint replacement patients six months after surgery.

Steering an enzyme's 'scissors' shows potential for stopping Alzheimer's disease

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
Scientists find that changing where an enzyme cuts amyloid beta precursor protein can determine whether Alzheimer's disease develops.

New way found to boost immunity in fight cancer and infections

Science Daily (US) - 19/07/2017
A key new mechanism has been identified that regulates the ability of T-cells of the immune system to react against foreign antigens and cancer.

Two cell types partner to protect pancreatic tumors from immune attack

News Medical (Australia) - 19/07/2017
Two cell types work together to protect pancreatic tumors from destruction by the immune system. But, blocking this partnership may restore the system's ability to attack these same tumor cells.

MIT engineers design new gel coatings that may lead to better medical devices

News Medical (Australia) - 19/07/2017
Catheters, intravenous lines, and other types of surgical tubing are a medical necessity for managing a wide range of diseases. But a patient's experience with such devices is rarely a comfortable one.

Healthcare data breaches in England

News Medical (Australia) - 19/07/2017
According to Accenture’s survey of 1,000 consumers in England one-in-eight (13 per cent) consumers in England have had their personal medical information stolen from technology systems. More than half (68 per cent) of English consumers said they want to have at least some involvement in keeping their healthcare data secured, whereas only a quarter (28 per cent) said that they have such involvement today.

University of Birmingham joins €19 million project to develop better treatments for heart disease

News Medical (Australia) - 19/07/2017
The University of Birmingham is part of a major new €19 million project aimed at breaking new ground for the development of treatments for millions of patients with heart disease in Europe.

Scientists manage to permeate living cells with small antibodies

News Medical (Australia) - 19/07/2017
Scientists at the Technische Universität Darmstadt, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich and the Leibniz Institute for Molecular Pharmacology have managed to introduce tiny antibodies into living cells. The researchers now report on the synthesis and applications for these nanobodies in "Nature Chemistry".