Health News

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Risks vary widely in drone-human impacts

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
New research suggests there's wide variation in the risk that unmanned aircraft pose to people on the ground.

Gulf Spill oil dispersants associated with health symptoms in cleanup workers

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Workers who were likely exposed to dispersants while cleaning up the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill experienced a range of health symptoms including cough and wheeze, and skin and eye irritation.

Home blood pressure monitoring for hypertension best combined with intensive support

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
People who monitor their own blood pressure at home are most likely to see a benefit if they combine it with individually tailored intensive support, according to a new systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Screening for cervical abnormalities in women offered HPV vaccination

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing detects a higher number of precancerous cervical lesions than cytology-based Pap smears in a female population including a proportion offered HPV vaccination, according to a new study.

What web browsers and proteins have in common

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
The discovery of a previously overlooked site on protein molecules may solve a mystery about how proteins are able to carry out specialized functions in living cells.

Groundbreaking investigative effort identifies gonorrhea vaccine candidates

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Researchers have identified a pair of proteins that show promise as the basis for a gonorrhea vaccine.

Sleep deprivation is an effective anti-depressant for nearly half of depressed patients, study suggests

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Sleep deprivation - typically administered in controlled, inpatient settings - rapidly reduces symptoms of depression in roughly half of depression patients, according the first meta-analysis on the subject in nearly 30 years.

Brain powered: Increased physical activity among breast cancer survivors boosts cognition

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
It is estimated that up to 75 percent of breast cancer survivors experience problems with cognitive difficulties following treatments, perhaps lasting years. Currently, few science-based options are available to help. Researchers report in a pilot study of 87 female breast cancer survivors an increase in physical activity more than doubled the women's post-treatment mental processing speed.

How to remove a tick and prevent future bites

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
As tick populations grow and spread across the country, their prevalence is increasing the public’s risk for some troubling diseases. Of these diseases, say dermatologists, Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Powassan virus and alpha-gal syndrome —- a mysterious red meat allergy -— are among the most serious.

Antibiotics following C-section among obese women reduces risk of surgical infection

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Among obese women undergoing cesarean delivery, a postoperative 48-hour course of antibiotics significantly decreased the rate of surgical site infection within 30 days after delivery, according to a study.

Contribution of opioid-related deaths to the change in life expectancy in the US

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Between 2000 and 2015 in the US, life expectancy increased overall but drug-poisoning deaths, mostly related to opioids, contributed to reducing life expectancy, according to a study.

Key regulator of male fertility identifed

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
When it comes to male reproductive fertility, timing is everything. Now scientists are finding new details on how disruption of this timing may contribute to male infertility or congenital illness. Researchers are identifying the key molecular and genetic switch that activates production of healthy male sperm -- but only when the time is right.

Cell-based therapy success could be boosted by new antioxidant

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Cell therapies being developed to treat a range of conditions could be improved by a chemical compound that aids their survival, research suggests. Lab tests found that the human-made molecule -- a type of antioxidant -- helps to shield healthy cells from damage such as would be caused when they are transplanted into a patient during cell therapy.

New hosts for Chagas disease vectors identified

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Solitary weasel-like animals called tayra might look pretty harmless, but some may actually be incubators for a parasite that causes Chagas disease, a chronic, debilitating condition that is spread by insects called kissing bugs and affects more than 8 million people worldwide.

Playing American football before age 12 could have long-term health effects

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Playing American football before the age of 12 may have long-term consequences for players' mood and behavior, according to a study involving 214 professional and amateur football players.

Exposure to pet and pest allergens during infancy linked to reduced asthma risk

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Children exposed to high indoor levels of pet or pest allergens during infancy have a lower risk of developing asthma by 7 years of age, new research reveals. The findings may provide clues for the design of strategies to prevent asthma from developing.

An interconnection between the nervous and immune system

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Researchers have shown that the increased incidence of infections seen in spinal cord injury patients is directly linked to a disruption of the normal central nervous system.

A piece of the puzzle: Eight autism-related mutations in one gene

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Researchers discover a large number of clustered mutations in a single gene, TRIO, that disrupt the development of the brain's connections and likely contribute to the development of autism-spectrum disorders. The scientists also find that a sister gene linked to schizophrenia, KALRN, is inactive in early brain development, but becomes active in adolescence.

Guidelines for handling CAR T cell side effects

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
Immune-cell based therapies opening a new frontier for cancer treatment carry unique, potentially lethal side effects that provide a new challenge for oncologists, one addressed by proposed guidelines for systematically dealing with the toxicities of these drugs.

Cell model of the brain provides new knowledge on developmental disease

Science Daily (US) - 19/09/2017
By reprogramming skin cells into nerve cells, researchers are creating cell models of the human brain. In a new study, the researchers describe how cells from patients with the severe developmental disease lissencephaly differ from healthy cells. The method can provide vital new knowledge on difficult-to-study congenital diseases.