Health News

Source:
Date range from to
Keyword:

Antimalarial drugs could support existing cancer treatments in two-pronged attack

Science Daily (US) - 24/11/2017
Antimalarial drugs chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine could make tumour cells more sensitive to cancer treatment.

Promising new treatment for rare pregnancy cancer leads to remission in patients

Science Daily (US) - 24/11/2017
Three out of four patients with the cancerous forms of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) went into remission after receiving the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab in a clinical trial, report researchers. The trial is the first to show that pembrolizumab can be used to successfully treat women with GTD.

Avatar therapy may help to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia

Science Daily (US) - 24/11/2017
An experimental therapy which involves a face-to-face discussion between a person with schizophrenia and an avatar representing their auditory hallucination may help reduce symptoms, when provided alongside usual treatment, according to a study.

Earth-air heat exchanger best way to protect farm animals in livestock buildings against the effects of climate change

Science Daily (US) - 24/11/2017
Without countermeasures, climate change will negatively impact animals in pig and poultry production. Beside the health and wellbeing of the animals, heat stress also affects performance and, as a result, profitability. As the animals are predominantly kept in confined livestock buildings equipped with mechanical ventilation systems, researchers examined the inlet air temperature of several air cooling systems. The best solution, they found, is the use of the earth for heat storage via an earth-air heat exchanger (EAHE).

Flies could help to monitor disease outbreaks by acting as 'autonomous bionic drones' suggest scientists

Science Daily (US) - 24/11/2017
Swarms of flies can be used to help monitor disease outbreaks, suggest scientists. This follows their research that shows how whole communities of bacteria – known as a microbiome – can “hitch a ride” on common carrion flies and can be transferred to any surface where the flies land. 

Imaging technique shows progress Alzheimer's disease

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
Using ‘Raman’ optical technology, scientists can now produce images of brain tissue that is affected by Alzheimer’s disease. The images include the surrounding areas, already showing changes.

Hormone therapy in the menopause transition does not increase risk of stroke

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
Postmenopausal hormone therapy is not associated with increased risk of stroke, provided that it is started early, according to a new report.

Neurobiology: The chemistry of memory

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
Learning requires the chemical adaptation of individual synapses. Researchers have now revealed the impact of an RNA-binding protein that is intimately involved in this process on learning and memory formation and learning processes.

Highly charged molecules behave paradoxically

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
Chemistry researchers have now discovered how certain small biomolecules attach to one another. The researchers’ study also overturns the standard picture – particles with the same electrical charge appear to be drawn together and not vice versa. The results may be important for the development of new drugs.

Key to regenerating blood vessels discovered

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
A signaling pathway that is essential for angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, has been discovered by researchers. The findings may improve current strategies to improve blood flow in ischemic tissue, such as that found in atherosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease associated with diabetes.

China's reversing emission flows revealed by research

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
The flow of China's carbon emissions has reversed, according to new research. The study estimates the carbon implications of recent changes in the country's economic development patterns and role in international trade since the global financial crisis.

Glucocorticoids offer long-term benefits for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
Glucocorticoids, a class of steroid hormone medications often prescribed to patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, offer long-term benefits for this disease, including longer preservation of muscle strength and function and decreased risk of death.

Four simple tests could help GPs spot pneumonia and reduce unnecessary antibiotics

Science Daily (US) - 23/11/2017
Testing for fever, high pulse rate, crackly breath sounds, and low oxygen levels could be key to helping GPs distinguish pneumonia from less serious infections, according to a large study.

New approach to tracking how deadly 'superbugs' travel could slow their spread

Science Daily (US) - 22/11/2017
Using a real-world outbreak as a test case, a team combined patient-transfer data and whole-genome sequencing to identify hotspots for transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Women prefer getting mammograms every year

Science Daily (US) - 22/11/2017
Women prefer to get their mammograms every year, instead of every two years, according to a new study.

One-size treatment for blood cancer probably doesn't fit all, researchers say

Science Daily (US) - 22/11/2017
Though African-American men are three times more likely to be diagnosed with a blood cancer called multiple myeloma, most scientific research on the disease has been based on people of European descent. That trend is problematic considering that African-Americans -- the most at-risk population for multiple myeloma -- have different genetics that can affect how this type of cancer progresses and what kind of targeted therapies are most effective.

Prion protein found in skin of CJD patients

Science Daily (US) - 22/11/2017
Scientists have detected abnormal prion protein in the skin of several people who died from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The scientists also exposed healthy mice to skin extracts from two CJD patients, and all developed prion disease. The study results raise questions about the possible transmissibility of prion diseases via medical procedures involving skin, and whether skin samples might be used to detect prion disease.

Meningococcal vaccine could protect against 91 percent of targeted bacterial strains

Science Daily (US) - 22/11/2017
Up to 91 percent of bacterial strains causing a common type of invasive serogroup B meningococcal disease in children and young adults are likely to be covered by a four-component vaccine called MenB-4C (Bexsero), according to laboratory studies.

Nanosponges show promise for potentially blinding eye infections

Science Daily (US) - 22/11/2017
Using a mouse model that engineered nanosponges can be used to protect eyes from infections caused by Enterococcus faecalis, researchers demonstrate. Enterococcus faecalis contain a toxin called cytolysin, which is found in roughly 50 percent of isolates that cause post-operative intraocular infections seen in the United States.

Encouraging oxygen's assault on iron may offer new way to kill lung cancer cells

Science Daily (US) - 22/11/2017
Blocking the action of a key protein frees oxygen to damage iron-dependent proteins in lung and breast cancer cells, making them easier to kill, report investigators.