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Mom who gave birth in US and UK compares healthcare

Daily Mail (UK) - 19/08/2017
Being pregnant and giving birth in both the US and the UK were hugely contrasting experiences. Both were simultaneously wonderful and hellish, but for very different reasons, Katherine Bebo explains.

Physicians studying how to prescribe income security

News Medical (Australia) - 19/08/2017
Physicians at St. Michael's Hospital are studying how full-time income support workers hired by health-care clinics can help vulnerable patients or those living in poverty improve their finances and their health.

Food allergies: Mechanism underlying cross-reaction between cypress pollen and certain fruits revealed

News Medical (Australia) - 19/08/2017
Working in collaboration with teams from the Czech Republic and Japan, researchers from the Institut Pasteur, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), and Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Marseille (AP-HM) have identified, for the first time, the likely origin of the cross-reactivity between cypress pollen, peaches and citrus fruits.

Northwestern Medicine scientists develop novel method to track HIV infection

News Medical (Australia) - 19/08/2017
Northwestern Medicine scientists have developed a novel method of tracking HIV infection, allowing the behavior of individual virions -- infectious particles -- to be connected to infectivity.

Adequate sleep and caffeine could help reduce postoperative pain

News Medical (Australia) - 19/08/2017
Sleep is essential for good mental and physical health, and chronic insufficient sleep increases the risk for several chronic health problems.

New technique quickly, economically monitors multiple molecular interactions in living tissues

News Medical (Australia) - 19/08/2017
A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue -- such as an organ or a small animal; technology that could have applications in medical diagnosis, guided surgery, or pre-clinical drug testing.

Review of kidney cancer incidence in California signals end of a trend

News Medical (Australia) - 19/08/2017
A review of kidney cancer in California from 1988 through 2013 by the UC Davis Institute for Population Health Improvement has concluded that the high incidence of small tumors and early-stage disease observed in California from 1988 until about 2009 has declined and stabilized in recent years, signaling the end of a trend.

Older smokers more likely to quit with increase in cigarette prices, study finds

News Medical (Australia) - 19/08/2017
Older smokers are usually more set in their ways, but a dollar increase in cigarette prices makes them 20 percent more likely to quit, a new Drexel University study found.

How doctors die

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
Years ago, Charlie, a highly respected orthopaedist and a mentor of mine, found a lump in his stomach. He had a surgeon explore the area, and the diagnosis was pancreatic cancer. This surgeon was one of the best in the country. He had even invented a new procedure for this exact cancer that could triple a patient’s five-year-survival odds – from 5% to 15% – albeit with a poor quality of life. Charlie was uninterested. He went home the next day, closed his practice, and never set foot in a hospital again.

Cognitive effects of endocrine therapy

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
This is an abridged version of W Zwart, H Terra, S Linn, S Schagen. Cognitive effects of endocrine therapy for breast cancer: keep calm and carry on? Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology (2015) 12:597-606. It was abridged by Janet Fricker and is published with permission. © 2015 Nature Publishing Group. doi:10.1038/nrclinonc.2015.124 Three quarters of breast cancer patients are eligible to receive endocrine treatments – tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors (letrozole, exemestane and anastrozole).

Bridging the gap in metastatic breast cancer

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
More than one in four people say they would prefer it if people with advanced breast cancer kept it to themselves and did not talk about their condition to anyone but their doctor. This was one of the findings of the Global Status of Metastatic Breast Cancer Decade Report 2005–2015, and it helps explain many of the report’s other key findings: namely, that far too many people living with advanced breast cancer are still not getting the information and support they need. That’s not to say that nothing has improved over the 10-year period covered by the report.

The road to global cancer care

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
The world is experiencing new and powerful forces in global health, from the Sustainable Development Goals, and ‘grand convergences’ to what is now the central totem in global health – universal health coverage. For cancer control, context is everything, and it still needs to find its place within these wider agendas. Cancer is a very new addition to global health, which has been built almost entirely on the platforms of infectious disease, including HIV/AIDS, child and maternal health and other health aspects of the development agenda.

A journey to the heart of the EMA

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
Ten years ago, an opportunity arose for Hildrun Sundseth to help develop the patient voice in the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the EU agency responsible for the evaluation of medicinal products. She had long advocated for women’s health and saw this as a chance to change things gradually for her cause. “Women are very much underrepresented in clinical trials,” says Sundseth, who was the head of EU Policy at the European Cancer Patient Coalition at the time.

Multiparametric MRI in prostate cancer

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
This egrandround was first presented by Caroline Moore, from University College Hospital London, as a live webcast for the European School of Oncology. It is edited by Susan Mayor. The webcast of this and other e-grandrounds can be accessed at e-eso.net Until the last few years MRI was used essentially as a staging tool in prostate cancer, with imaging being performed after a biopsy to assess a patient’s suitability for radical treatment and for assessing extraprostatic extension and disease.

Unleashing the potential of prevention

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
Knowledge is power. And knowledge about what to do to lower the risk of developing cancer has the power to save lives. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, at least half of the world’s cancers are preventable on current knowledge alone. And IARC’s new European Code Against Cancer (published in this issue of Cancer World) takes the evidence about the exposures, agents and behaviours that definitely cause cancer and turns it into advice for the general public.

Fedro Peccatori: teaching the world to care

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
“There is no difference between my work at the hospital and my work at the European School of Oncology.

A strategic moment

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
Prevention is better than cure, and nowhere is that more true than for cancer, where cures are not always attainable, treatment not always affordable, and the short- and long-term side effects can be severe. In light of what we now know about cancer’s extraordinary ability to mutate in all directions and to outwit every therapy we come up with, strategies aimed at intervening as early as possible in processes that lead to tumour formation make perfect sense.

Tipping the balance

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
Questions are being raised about the accuracy and integrity of reports from pivotal clinical trials that provide the evidence for licensing cancer drugs. There is increasing concern that reports overstate the effectiveness of innovative drugs in a real world setting, because patients on trials are healthier and fitter than most of the people it will be used in, and understate side effects. This distorts the information used by clinicians to define the recommended dose, by regulators to assess the risk–benefit profile, and by patients to choose between treatment options.

Turning more than one page

Cancerworld (EU) - 19/08/2017
Readers of our printed edition will have noticed that a new chapter has begun in the life of our magazine. We are dedicating our cover stories to exploring the big topics in oncology that define our era, starting in this issue with a look at the under-reporting of toxicities associated with new drugs. A group of talented young illustrators has been tasked with capturing the essence of each story, and their artwork will appear on the cover of every issue.