Cardiac rehabilitation

Formal cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. programmes exist that aim to combine secondary prevention steps in a structured, guided manner. However, the availability of these programmes can be limited, wherever you are in the world. It may be helpful to speak to your doctor to see if there are any such programmes available in your area.

Studies have shown that cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. lowers the risk of a repeat heart attackThe death of a section of heart muscle caused by an interruption in its blood supply. Also called a myocardial infarction. in both men and women, and in people of all age groups.[3]

It has also been suggested that people who attend a cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. programme have lower work stressRelating to injury or concern. and psychological stressRelating to injury or concern. 6 months after a heart attackThe death of a section of heart muscle caused by an interruption in its blood supply. Also called a myocardial infarction., compared with those who do not undergo cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. .[1]

The World Health Organization views cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. as including not only interventions to encourage smoking cessation, dietary changes and exercise programmes but also psychological and social measures, as well as measures aimed at helping people to return to work.[2]

In fact, cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. aims to bring together medical treatment, education, exercise training and counselling.[4] Optimisation of medication, and the evaluation and reduction of coronaryRelating to the arteries supplying the heart itself. risk factors are, of course, also important.[5]

In Germany, cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. is mandatory after a heart attackThe death of a section of heart muscle caused by an interruption in its blood supply. Also called a myocardial infarction. for all people who are in employment, paid for by retirement funds. It has been shown to be successful in other countries as well; for example, in Sweden it has been shown to be associated with a significantly higher rate of return to work.[2]

References: 
  1. Effects of phase II cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. on job stressRelating to injury or concern. and health-related quality of life after return to work in middle-aged patients with acuteHas a sudden onset. myocardial infarctionDeath of an area of heart muscle due to poor blood supply.. Yonezawa R, Masuda T, Matsunaga A et al. Int Heart J 2009;50:279-90.
  2. Cardiac rehabilitationThe treatment of a person with an illness or disability to improve their function and health.. Gohlke H and Gohlke-Bärwolf C. European Heart Journal 1998;19:1004-10.
  3. Cardiac rehabilitationThe treatment of a person with an illness or disability to improve their function and health. after myocardial infarctionDeath of an area of heart muscle due to poor blood supply. in the community. Witt BJ, Jacobsen SJ, Weston SA et al. JACC 2004;44:988-96.
  4. Improving cardiac rehabilitationA staged programme of exercise and lifestyle changes to help recovery from a heart attack and help to prevent a repeat heart attack. : a view from the United Kingdom. Thompson DR. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2002;1:95-9.
  5. Cardiac rehabilitationThe treatment of a person with an illness or disability to improve their function and health. following myocardial infarctionDeath of an area of heart muscle due to poor blood supply.. Piotrowicz R and Wolszakiewicz J. Cardiology Journal 2008;15:481-7.